Here is an article from the http://www.doc.nv.gov/sites/doc/files/pdf/education/Education_Services_Spring_2012_Newsletter.pdf
NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS:
“Until third grade, a child learns to read. After third grade, a child reads to learn.”
In pre-school and the first few years of school, the aim is to teach children to read. After third grade,
the aim is for children to use their reading comprehension skills to learn new material. Research shows
that reading abilities in third grade act as a tell-tale barometer for later school success.
• Ten to fifteen percent of children with serious reading problems will drop out of high school, and
about half of youth with criminal records or with a history of substance abuse have reading
• Low literacy is strongly related to crime. Seventy percent of prisoners fall into the lowest two
levels of reading proficiency
• Low literacy is strongly related to unemployment. More than 20% of adults read at or below a fifth
grade level – far below the level needed to earn a living wage.
• Eighty-five percent of all juveniles who interface with the juvenile court system are functionally
• More than 60% of all prison inmates are functionally illiterate.
• Penal institution records show that inmates have a 16% chance of returning to prison if they receive
literacy help, as opposed to 70% who receive no help. This equates to taxpayer costs of $25,000 per
year per inmate and nearly double that amount for juvenile offenders.
• Illiteracy and crime are closely related. The Department of Justice states, “The link between
academic failure and delinquency, violence, and crime is welded to reading failure Over 70% of
inmates in America's prisons cannot read above a fourth grade level.